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IOL 2004 Problem #5 Chuvash

The table below contains Chuvash verbs (in Latin transliteration) and their English translations. Some of the data has been left out.

aman to be crippled amant to cripple
aptra to suffer to torment
avăn to be flexible av to bend
çĕt to get lost çĕter to lose
çit to reach to lead
čühen čühe
hurăn to lie (e.g. on the table) hur to lay (e.g. something on the table)
kaç to move (e.g. from one flat to another) to transport
kăvakar to become blue kăvakart to make blue
kuç to migrate kuçar to resettle
puçtarăn to get together puçtar to gather
taptan to be trampled tapta to trample down
tupăn to be found tup to find
uçăn to be revealed to reveal
ük üker to drop
vacka to be in a hurry vackat to precipitate
varalan to be smirched varala to besmirch
vĕre to be boiling vĕret to boil (e.g. water)
vĕren to learn verent to teach
vitĕn to be covered vit to cover
to enter kĕrt
to hide oneself pytar to hide (something)

(a) Fill in the gaps. If in some cases you cannot find a Chuvash verb with certainty, indicate it. Explain your solution.

ă is pronounced as a short a, ĕ is pronounced as a short e, ü is pronounced similarly to English ew as in stew, ç is pronounced similarly to English c as in cereal, č is pronounced similarly to English ch as in church. Chuvash is a Turkic language. It is spoken by some 1.5 million people in Chuvashia and some other regions of Russian Federation.

—Boris L. Iomdin