From IOL Wiki
< Problem:IOL‎ | 2011‎ | i1

IOL 2011 Problem #1 Menominee

Given are verb forms of the Menominee language as well as their English translations:

kewǣpeqtaq we1+2 begin
kawāham he fells it by tool
nepītohnæm I walk here (to this place)
kēskenam he breaks it through by hand
pahkǣsam he cuts it off
kekǣtohnæq we1+2 walk out
pītenam he passes it here
kewǣpānæhkæq we1+2 begin to dig
tawǣsam he cuts a hole in it
nekǣtahan I pry it out by tool
pāhkaham he opens it by tool (by raising a lid or opening a door)
kekēskahtæq we1+2 bite it through
wackōhnæw he walks roundabout, by a detour
newāckesan I cut around it
ketǣnam he takes it out by hand
ketāwahtæq we1+2 bite, gnaw a hole in it
wǣpohnæw he begins walking
nekāweqtam I lie down
pāhkeqtaw he opens up
kepītahtæq we1+2 come eating it; we1+2 bring it in our mouths
nekāwāhpem I fall over laughing

(a) Translate into English: kekēskahæq, nepāhkenan, wǣpāhpew. If in some cases you believe that more than one translation is possible, give them all.

(b) Translate into Menominee:

  • I begin to eat it
  • we1+2 lay it flat by hand
  • he digs a hole
  • he walks out

⚠ The Menominee Indians live in Wisconsin, USA. They number 5000-10 000 people, but the eponymous language of the Algonquian family is only spoken by a few dozen of the oldest among them, although effort has been put lately into expanding its teaching and use. we1+2 = we and you. æa in crack, c = ch in church, q is a consonant (the so-called glottal stop). The mark ̄ denotes vowel length.

—Ivan Derzhanski